合乐娱乐城现金赌博:Statistics South Africa - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn The South Africa I Know, The Home I Understand Mon, 23 Jul 2018 17:47:12 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.6 Mid-year population estimates 2018 - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11341 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11341#respond Mon, 23 Jul 2018 11:33:20 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11341 read more »
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Media Release???? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ??????? 23 July 2018

 

South Africa’s mid-year population is estimated to have increased to 57,73 million in 2018, representing an overall increase of 1,55% between 2017 and 2018. ?Gauteng continues to record the largest share of the population with approximately 14,7 million people (25,4%) living in the province. The second largest population with 11,4 million people (19,7%) remain s KwaZulu-Natal and Northern Cape remains the province with the smallest share of the South African population at approximately 1,23 million (2,1%). The Mid-year population estimates 2018 report released by Statistics South Africa, further indicate that the female population in the country has remained stable year on year at approximately 51% (approximately 29,5 million).

According to the report, the proportion of elderly persons aged 60 and older is increasing over time and life expectancy at birth for 2018 is estimated at 61,1 years for males and 67,3 years for females. Of the elderly aged 60 years and older, the highest percentage 24,0% (1,18 million) reside in Gauteng.

About 29,5% of the population is aged younger than 15 years and approximately 8,5% (4,89 million) is 60 years or older. The highest proportions of those younger than 15 years in South Africa, live in Gauteng (21,1%) and KwaZulu-Natal (21,0).

The estimated HIV prevalence rate is approximately 13,1% among the South African population, which represents an increase from 2017 figure of 12,9%. The total number of people living with HIV is estimated at approximately 7,52 million in 2018. For adults aged 15–49 years, an estimated 19,0% of the population is HIV positive.

For the period 2016–2021, Gauteng and Western Cape are estimated to have experienced the largest inflow of migrants of approximately, 1?048?440 and 311?004 respectively.

 

 

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The full statistical release is available on the Statistics South Africa website: 合乐娱乐

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Migrants flock to Gauteng - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11331 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11331#respond Fri, 20 Jul 2018 14:30:47 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11331 read more »
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According to the Mid-year population estimates report for 2018 released by Statistics South Africa, the population of South Africa is estimated at 57,7 million as at 1?July?2018. While births and deaths are considered the main drivers of population change, migration continues to be significant, not only demographically but politically, economically and socially.

The report shows that South Africa is estimated to receive a net immigration of 1,02 million people between 2016 and 2021. Most international migrants settle in Gauteng (47,5%) while the least are found in the Northern Cape province (0,7%). Gauteng is considered the economic hub of the country, attracting international migrants as well as domestic migrants from rural provinces such as Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape.

People migrate for a number of reasons; these can be categorised under economic, social-political, cultural or environmental. These categories also relate to what is known as “push” or “pull” factors. The economic strength of Gauteng relates to “pull” factors that influence its attractiveness to migrants. Gauteng receives the highest number of in-migrants for the period 2016 to 2021. Better economic opportunities, jobs, and the promise of a better life are some of the factors that make Gauteng an attractive destination.

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The Western Cape receives the second highest number of in-migrants for the period 2016 to 2021. In this instance, the “push” factors are what may drive people from the Eastern Cape (EC) towards the Western Cape. Poor economic activity and lack of job opportunities are strong push factors for migration. According to the Quarterly Labour Force Survey for the first quarter of 2018, the EC had the highest unemployment rate in the country at 35,6%.

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Movements within and across South Africa’s borders impact not only the population structure of the country and provinces within South Africa, but potentially the economic, political and social composition of a community, province and the country as a whole. Understanding and planning for current and projected migration patterns in South Africa is imperative for continued growth and development.

For the full report please click here

Statistics South Africa, in collaboration with the Department of Social Development will be hosting a National Conference on Migration and Urbanisation in South Africa in 2018. If you would like more information about the conference or you would like to present a paper, please click here.

 

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CENSUS 2021 NEW METHODOLOGIES TEST - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11323 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11323#respond Fri, 20 Jul 2018 08:24:18 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11323 read more »
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Working towards a full population count for Census 2021 Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) is embarking on field tests to determine the respondents’ preferred mode of Data Collection. The Census 2021 New Methodologies Test will allow completion of questionnaires by using the Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI), Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI), Computer Assisted Telephonic Interview (CATI) to prepare for the upcoming Census.

CAPI: Stats SA fieldworker will administer the questionnaire face-to-face with the respondent.
CAWI: The respondent will complete the questionnaire online.
CATI: The questionnaire will be completed by the Call Centre agent through a telephonic interview.

To register click here

THE PURPOSE OF TEST

To establish the respondents’ preferred mode of interview.

To validate the respondents’ preferred mode of data collection to improve participation in Census 2021.

To test whether the proposed methodologies will improve access and participation in gated and highwalled communities.

AREAS SELECTED FOR THE TEST

?The test will be conducted in selected areas in three provinces: Gauteng (City of Tshwane and City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality), KwaZulu-Natal (eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality) and Western Cape (City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality).

DATES FOR THE TEST

The Stats SA fieldworkers will visit all households in the selected areas in Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape.

Community Mobilisation (Publicity):

16 July 2018–27?July 2018

Online registration:

23?July – 04 August 2018

Data Collection:

01–31 August 2018 (Reference night: 31 July 2018)

To register?click here

Statistics Act (No. 6 of 1999)

The Statistics Act (No. 6 of 1999) mandates Statistics South Africa to conduct a population census every five ears. Sections 16 and 17 of the Act cover diverse issues such as the obligation of individuals to provide information about themselves and their households; the topics to be included in the census; the confidentiality and disclosure of information that individuals supply; and the role of government ministries and departments in census taking.

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Statistics South Africa releases the Mid-year population estimates - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11314 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11314#respond Wed, 18 Jul 2018 14:47:28 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11314 read more »
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Media advisory???? ? ?????????????????? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? ????????? 18 July 2018

Statistics South Africa releases the Mid-year population estimates

The Statistician-General of South Africa, Mr Risenga Maluleke, will release the 2018 Mid-year population estimates report at a media briefing to be held on Monday, 23 July 2018 in Pretoria. The report provides estimates on the population of South Africa and includes current indicators of fertility, mortality and migration among others.

 

The report also contains population estimates at provincial level disaggregated by age groups.

The media briefing will be held as follows:

Date:?? Monday, 23 July 2018

Venue: Tshedimosetso House, 1035 Frances Baard Street (corner Festival Street), HATFIELD, Pretoria

Time:? ? 11H00

 

NB: There will be a video link to Imbizo Media Centre, 120 Plein Street, Parliament, Cape Town

RSVP:

Felicia Sithole

Tel: 012?339 2401

Cell: 076 430 0693

Email: FeliciaS@www.pbi8z.com.cn

 

For media enquiries contact: ?
Lesedi Dibakwane

Tel: 012 310 8578

Cell: 082?805 7088

Email: LesediD@www.pbi8z.com.cn

 

 

Issued by Statistics South Africa

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Mbalo Brief – July 2018 - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11309 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11309#respond Mon, 16 Jul 2018 12:27:36 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11309 read more »
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This year, 2018, marks the centenary (the 100-year anniversary) of the birth of former South African president Nelson Mandela, as well as Albertina Sisulu. This provides a unique opportunity for people around the world to reflect on Mandela’s life and times, and to promote his legacy. The Reserve Bank of South Africa has taken this opportunity to launch the new Mandela bank notes on 13 July 2018. These have already started circulating through South Africa’s banks and ATMs. These new notes cover all denominations – R10, R20, R50, R100 and R200 – as well as a commemorative R5 coin. The new notes depict the standard visage of Nelson Mandela on the one side, but instead of the ‘big five’ animals on the reverse, it shows a younger Mandela with different iconic scenes related to his legacy.

Download?Mbalo Brief – July 2018

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Electricity: Coal use inches lower as solar, wind and diesel rise - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11292 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11292#respond Thu, 05 Jul 2018 12:30:05 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11292 read more »
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If you’re curious, take a deeper look at Stats SA’s latest large sample survey of the electricity, gas and water supply industry. The report provides some insight into the current state of electricity generation in South Africa. In particular, highlighting the subtle changes that have occurred in the country’s energy supply.

South Africa is still largely addicted to coal-based electricity. The recently released Electricity, gas and water supply industry report for 20161 shows that this fossil fuel generated 85,7% of the country’s power in 2016, followed by nuclear power (5,2%) and natural gas (3,2%).

Slider_Elec_gas_fig1

For those hoping for a shift towards cleaner energy, the overwhelming dominance of coal might seem impossible to break. Not only is coal a relatively cheap source of energy, but South Africa has abundant reserves.2 The mineral also contributes to economic growth, having surpassed gold in 2008 as the larger contributor to gross domestic product (GDP). Coal mining was responsible for 1,8% of total value added in 2016, higher than gold (1,3%), but on par with platinum group metals (1,8%).3

There is a sliver of hope in the data, however. The Electricity, gas and water supply industry report shows a slight softening of coal’s dominance and a rise in the influence of solar and wind power. Coal generated 88,3% (or 215?691 GWh) of South Africa’s electricity supply in 2013, falling to the previously mentioned 85,7% (or 203?054 GWh) in 2016.

Solar energy didn’t feature at all in the 2013 figures, but in 2016 it contributed 2?151?GWh to the national grid. Wind power was responsible for producing 18 GWh of electricity in 2013, jumping to 2?126 GWh in 2016. This corresponds with the construction of a number of wind farms over that period, most notably the Jefferys Bay and Cookhouse sites in Eastern Cape.

But what about diesel?

A closer look at the data will uncover another important fact that might dampen any excitement over clean energy: the rise in the use of diesel. The electricity, gas and water supply industry purchased just over 1?336 megalitres of diesel in 2016, primarily used to generate electricity. This is 124% higher than the 596 megalitres of diesel purchased in 2013. This brings to mind Eskom’s reliance on open cycle gas turbines in recent years as a way to sustain electricity supply during periods of high demand.

To put this in perspective, 596 megalitres of diesel would fill up about 238 Olympic-size swimming pools, while 534 swimming pools would be required to store 1?336 megalitres!

This might raise an interesting thought: was the fall in the use of coal a temporary decline due to increased diesel use and the prevalence of other energy sources, or could this be the beginning of a longer-term trend as clean energy starts to make an impact? With the construction of additional wind farms, and government’s recent signing of renewable energy agreements with independent power producers (IPPs),4 the future of clean energy looks hopeful. But only time will tell what impact this will have on South Africa’s energy mix.

1 Download the 2016 Electricity, gas and water supply industry report here. The figures used in this article are from Table 11 and Table 13.

2 South Africa has an estimated 256 years of available coal reserves left. Source: Stats SA, Environmental Economic Accounts Compendium, Table 3.2 (download here).

3 Stats SA, GDP P0441 Annual, quarterly and regional Fourth quarter 2017 (Excel file), Table 10 (download here).

4 Stats SA, Energy and the poor: a municipal breakdown (read here).

Similar articles are available on the Stats SA website and can be accessed here.

For a monthly overview of economic indicators and infographics, catch the latest edition of the Stats Biz newsletter here.

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Stats Biz – June 2018 - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11287 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11287#respond Mon, 02 Jul 2018 13:22:41 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11287 Johannesburg, Tshwane, eThekwini and Cape Town contributed 49% to total municipal debt in 2016/17. Together, these four cities have a population of almost 17 million people, making up 30% of South Africa’s total population. Explore municipal debt, as well as other stories, in this edition of Stats Biz.

Download Stats Biz – June 2018

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National government funding allocations: Who are the main beneficiaries? - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11277 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11277#respond Wed, 27 Jun 2018 08:07:36 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11277 read more »
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Where does your tax money go after it has entered the state coffers? Recent data provide an overview of how national government distributes money to other levels of government.

Stats SA publishes financial data for the different levels of government (i.e. national, provincial, local, extra-budgetary accounts) and higher education institutions in separate reports throughout the year. These are followed up with a consolidated report in November that provides an overview of net government finances.2

Stats SA’s most recent release of data on national government finances, in the Financial statistics of national government1 report, shows that national government spent a total of R1,33 trillion in 2016/17. This is 4% higher than the R1,28 trillion spent in 2015/16.

The biggest spending item was financial grants. Not to be confused with social grants, financial grants are transfers from one government unit to another government unit, or to an international organisation. Grants are the financial fuel that keeps the wheels of government turning. In 2016/17, national government transferred R764 billion (57% of total spending) in the form of grants to other levels of government and international organisations.

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So, who are the major beneficiaries of national government grants?

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Provincial government received the bulk of grants in 2016/17, almost two-thirds of the R764?billion. This was 6% more than the amount received in 2015/16. This is expected, as the nine provinces are responsible for administering some of the core functions of government (for example, education and health). ?About 14% of the financial grants were transferred to the 257 municipalities. Just over 11% (or R87 billion) was paid to South Africa’s 252 extra-budgetary accounts and funds (8% more than in 2015/16).

R46 billion (6%) was paid to foreign organisations and international institutions. R39 billion of this amount was paid to the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), of which South Africa is a member. The New Development Bank (NDB), established by countries belonging to the BRICS group (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), received R3,5 billion.

South Africa’s 26 higher education institutions received R28 billion (4%) of national government grant transfers in 2016/17.

1 Download the latest Financial statistics of national government report here.

2 To find out more on the financial situation of the South African government as a whole, you can access a summary here.

Similar articles are available on the Stats SA website and can be accessed here.

For a monthly overview of economic indicators and infographics, catch the latest edition of the Stats Biz newsletter here.

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Four facts about municipal debt - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11266 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11266#respond Tue, 26 Jun 2018 14:13:02 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11266 read more »
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Eskom announced earlier this year that it would roll out power cuts to several defaulting municipalities.1 The inability of particular municipalities to honour debt payments has been a thorn in the flesh of local government administration. The following are a few key facts about municipal debt, from Statistics South Africa’s latest Financial census of municipalities (FCM) report.

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Fact 1: Free State municipalities experienced the biggest rise in debt

Total South African municipal debt increased by 6,8% in 2016/17 compared with 2015/16. Municipal debt, which includes monies owed to municipal lenders, suppliers and other creditors, amounted to R225,8 billion in 2016/17, an increase from the R211,4 billion recorded in the previous financial year.

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Municipalities in Free State saw their debt rise by 26,8%, followed by Northern Cape (up 19,3%) and Mpumalanga (up 15,1%). Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal experienced the lowest increases.

 

Fact 2: Bank loans contribute 5,8% to total debt

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Debt owed to creditors, which include registered suppliers and service providers such as Eskom and the water boards, contributed 43,0% to total municipal debt in 2016/17. The debt for trade creditors is mainly for goods and services purchased on credit. Also included in that amount are credit balances in consumer debtors, amounts received in advance for services still to be rendered, consumer deposits, retentions and accrued interest.

Provisions (contributing 13,1%) largely includes the provision for bad debts, unspent conditional grants (deferred income) and leave pay-outs. Loans from the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA), which are mainly used for infrastructure acquisitions, contributed 10,9%. Retirement benefits contributed 9,8%. This includes pension benefit obligations that are due to municipal employees when they go on retirement.

Bonds contributed 8,1% of the debt pie. Of South Africa’s 257 municipalities, only four metropolitan councils (i.e. Johannesburg, Cape Town, Tshwane and Ekurhuleni) have issued bonds.

Bank loans contributed 5,8%. The four largest commercial banks (i.e. First National Bank, ABSA, Standard Bank and Nedbank) were the major players. The Infrastructure Finance Corporation Limited (INCA) was previously also a notable lender, although it’s no longer granting new loans to municipalities.2

Other payables contributed 18,3%, and this includes Value Added Tax (VAT) due to the South African Revenue Services (SARS), bank overdrafts facilities arranged by banks for municipalities and finance lease obligations.

 

Fact 3: Four metropolitan municipalities are responsible for almost half of total debt

Together, South Africa’s eight metropolitan municipalities contributed almost two-thirds to municipal debt, amounting to R142,2 billion in 2016/17, followed by local municipalities at 32% (or R72,8 billion). District municipalities accounted for the remaining 5% (or R10,8 billion). This is not surprising as most district municipalities provide an administrative role and are not involved in procuring services such as electricity, water, refuse removal and sanitation.

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The metropolitan municipalities of Johannesburg, Tshwane, eThekwini and Cape Town contributed 49% to local government liabilities in 2016/17. Together, these four cities have a population of almost 17 million people, making up 30% of South Africa’s total population.3

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Fact 4: Renosterberg local municipality has the highest debt-to-income ratio

The debt-to-income ratio is the amount of debt divided by annual income. A high debt-to-income ratio can raise the risk profile of a municipality, making it more difficult for a municipality to obtain funding from creditors. It must be noted that the total income for municipalities includes capital transfers or grants that make it slightly higher than operational income (i.e. income received in the form of property rates and service charges). Should these be excluded, the ratios would be slightly higher across the board.

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Municipalities with low debt-to-income ratios (blue and green on the map) are located in predominantly rural provinces such as Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Limpopo. Municipalities with high debt levels are scattered across six provinces. Seven municipalities with a debt-to-income ratio higher than 1 are located in Free State. The municipality with the highest debt-to-income ratio is Renosterberg in Northern Cape (6,25).

When interpreting the debt-to-income ratio, one should keep in mind that there are many factors at play, such as the powers and functions that differ across different types of municipalities (as mentioned above), accessibility to finances, cash flows, and the state of the regulatory environment.

Download the latest Financial census of municipalities report here. The data within the report are verified against the annual financial statements received from municipalities as well as data from National Treasury, South African Reserve Bank, Development Bank of South Africa (DBSA), and other relevant publications within or outside Stats SA. Please note that all the figures in this article are expressed in current prices.

 

1 Daily Maverick, Eskom Debt: Power cuts scheduled for municipalities that don’t pay (read here).

2 National Treasury, Municipal borrowing bulletin, Issue 1: June 2016 (download here).

3 Stats SA, Mid-year population estimates, 2017 (download here).

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SA added 56 000 jobs in the first quarter of 2018 - ◆合乐娱乐◆ //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11253 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11253#respond Tue, 26 Jun 2018 09:33:32 +0000 //www.pbi8z.com.cn/?p=11253 read more »
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The total number of jobs reported in the first quarter showed an increase of 56?000 from the previous quarter, bringing the total number of persons employed in the formal non-agricultural sector to 9?838?000. According to the figures from the Quarterly Employment Statistics (QES) Survey, formal sector jobs rose year-on-year by 74?000 in the first quarter of 2018 when compared with the same period of 2017.

合乐娱乐

Job growth surged in the community services industry, which added 67?000 jobs. Construction and manufacturing industries added 12?000 and 9?000 jobs respectively. Moderate gains were also reported in the business services industry with a slight increase of 4?000 jobs in the first quarter.

Job losses were recorded in three of the eight industries surveyed, with the largest decline in the trade industry which shed 26?000 jobs. The mining industry continued on its downward trend for the third consecutive quarter where the latest QES figures indicate 7?000 jobs were lost in the first quarter of 2018. There was a slight loss of 3?000 jobs in the transport industry.

The total amount of gross earnings paid for the quarter was R633 billion. This is a decrease of R26 billion from the previous quarter.

The decreases in earnings were led by community services industry with R8 billion. This was followed by the trade and manufacturing industries, both recording quarterly decreases of approximately R7 billion. The construction industry showed a decrease of R5 billion, the transport industry, a decrease of R3,5 billion and the electricity industry a decrease of R1 billion. There was also a decrease of R305 million in the mining industry.

Gross earnings paid in the business services industry increased by R6 billion.

There was a year-on-year rise in gross earnings by 1,1% from R626 billion to R633 billion when comparing with the same period last year.

Average monthly earnings were measured at R19?858 in the formal non-agricultural sector of the economy in February 2018. This is a -1,0% decrease when compared to November 2017, and an annual increase of 5,0%.

For the full report click here.

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